Right to Work States: Iowa 

IOWA

Iowa Code Ann. §§ 20.8, 20.10 and 731.1 through 731.8.

Title I.
State Sovereignty and Management
Subtitle 8. Personnel
Chapter 20. Public Employment Relations (Collective Bargaining)

§ 20.8. Public employee rights

Public employees shall have the right to:

1. Organize, or form, join, or assist any employee organization.
 
2. Negotiate collectively through representatives of their own choosing.
 
3. Engage in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective
bargaining or other mutual aid or protection insofar as any such activity is
not prohibited by this chapter or any other law of the state.

4. Refuse to join or participate in the activities of employee organizations,
including the payment of any dues, fees or assessments or service fees of any
type. (Enacted 1974.)

§ 20.10. Prohibited practices
. . . .

2. It shall be a prohibited practice for a public employer or the employer's
designated representative willfully to:

a. Interfere with, restrain or coerce public employees in the exercise of
rights granted by this chapter.

. . . .

c. Encourage or discourage membership in any employee organization, committee
or association by discrimination in hiring, tenure, or other terms or
conditions of employment.

. . . .

3. It shall be a prohibited practice for public employees or an employee
organization or for any person, union or organization or their agents willfully
to:

a. Interfere with, restrain, coerce or harass any public employee with respect
to any of the employee's rights under this chapter or in order to prevent or
discourage the employee's exercise of any such right, including, without
limitation, all rights under section 20.8. (Enacted 1974.)

Title XVI. Criminal Law and Procedure
Subtitle 1. Crime Control and Criminal Acts

Chapter 731. Labor Union Membership

§ 731.1 Right to join union

It is declared to be the policy of the state of Iowa that no person within its boundaries shall be deprived of the right to work at his chosen occupation for any employer because of membership in, affiliation with, withdrawal or expulsion from, or refusal to join, any labor union, organization, or association, and any contract which contravenes this policy is illegal and void. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Recodified 1977.)

§ 731.2 Refusal to employ prohibited

It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, association or corporation to refuse or deny employment to any person because of membership in, or affiliation with, or resignation or withdrawal from, a labor union, organization or association, or because of refusal to join or affiliate with a labor union, organization or association. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Recodified 1977.)

§ 731.3 Contracts to exclude unlawful

It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, association, corporation or labor organization to enter into any understanding, contract, or agreement, whether written or oral, to exclude from employment members of a labor union, organization or association, or persons who do not belong to, or who refuse to join, a labor union, organization or association, or because of resignation or withdrawal therefrom. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Recodified 1977.)

§ 731.4 Union dues as prerequisite to employment-prohibited

It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, association, labor organization or corporation, or political subdivision, either directly or indirectly, or in any manner or by any means as a prerequisite to or a condition of employment to require any person to pay dues, charges, fees, contributions, fines or assessments to any labor union, labor association or labor organization. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Recodified 1977.)

§ 731.5 Deducting dues from pay unlawful

It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, association, labor organization or corporation to deduct labor organization dues, charges, fees, contributions, fines or assessments from an employee's earnings, wages or compensation, unless the employer has first been presented with an individual written order therefor signed by the employee, which written order shall be terminable at any time by the employee giving at least thirty days' written notice of such termination to the employer. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Amended 1959, Recodified 1977.)

§ 731.6 Penalty

Any person, firm, association, labor organization, or corporation or any director, officer, representative, agent or member thereof, who shall violate any of the provisions of this chapter or who shall aid and abet in such violation shall be guilty of a serious misdemeanor. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Recodified 1977, Amended 1978.)

§ 731.7 Injunction

Additional to the penal provisions of this chapter, any person, firm, corporation, association, or any labor union, labor association or labor organization, or any officer representative, agent or member thereof may be restrained by injunction from doing or continuing to do any of the matters and things prohibited by this chapter, and all of the provisions of the law relating to the granting of restraining orders and injunctions, either temporary or permanent, shall be applicable. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Recodified 1977.)

§ 731.8 Exception

The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to employers or employees covered by the federal Railroad Labor Act [sic]. (Enacted April 28, 1947; Recodified 1977.)


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