- Political activities, including activities related to ballot and bond issues.
- Ideological activities.
- Lobbying, unless necessary to ratify or fund the collective bargaining agreement in the nonmember public employee's bargaining unit.
- Public relations activities.
- Litigation unrelated to collective bargaining and bargaining-related litigation solely for other bargaining units where the union does not show a reasonable expectation that other locals will similarly fund litigation for the nonmember's bargaining unit.
- Engaging in illegal strikes.
- Organizing by public employee, railway and airline unions, and, absent a concrete showing of a positive correlation between wages and union density in the same competitive market as the nonmember's employer, by other private-sector unions.
- Union "members only" benefits.
- Portions of union publications reporting on the foregoing activities.
The Courts are still sorting out what types of expenses are chargeable and which are not chargeable. No union expense is chargeable to an objecting nonmember unless the union proves it is related to collective bargaining, contract administration and grievance adjustment before a neutral decisionmaker.
Sources for these examples of nonchargeable expenses:
- Abood v. Detroit Board of Education, 431 U.S. 209 (1977)
- Ellis v. BRAC, 466 U.S. 435 (1984)
- Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association, 500 U.S. 507 (1991)
- Locke v. Karass, 129 S. Ct. 798 (2009)
- Pirlott v. NLRB, 522 F.3d 423 (D.C. Cir. 2008)